Commentary on Revelation - Enhanced Version
- Revelation: A Shorter Commentary | Logos Bible Software.
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- An Exegetical Commentary on Revelation 13.
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With Logos Bible Software, the most efficient and comprehensive research tools are in one place, so you get the most out of your study. Sample Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7. Justin A. Smith — was a historian, biblical scholar, and Baptist minister. He received a doctorate of divinity from Shurtleff College, and wrote several books, including Memoir of Rev. George Giffard Gifford c. Hezekiah Holland provides a digest of post-Reformation treatments of the book of Revelation from a Puritan perspective. Holland summarizes the major views of scholars and explains the interpretative strategies of seventeenth-century commentators.
Hezekiah Holland c.
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He attended Trinity College after immigrating to England, and was known for engaging Baptists in debate. Controversial but thorough, this exegetical commentary reviews Revelation verse by verse. Employing a historicist hermeneutic—the belief that most of the events of Revelation occurred in the apostolic era—Hanserd Knollys uses Revelation to support Baptist beliefs. Hanserd Knollys — was a particular or Reformed Baptist minister. He was educated at St.
Commentary on Revelation, Or, the Apocalypse
Often controversial, and repeatedly accused of heresy, he solved the problem by starting his own Baptist church. In he successfully appealed to Oliver Cromwell for protection, and remained free to teach and practice his beliefs despite no formal law protecting religious freedom. Edward Waple — was an Anglican priest, archdeacon of Taunton, and vicar of St. Charles Daubuz — was an Anglican priest and Calvinist theologian. The revocation of the Edict of Nantes—a decree which had granted tolerance to the Huguenots French Calvinists —caused him to flee France for England.
It predicted the world would end by , and—with slight modifications—inspired later generations to propose similar predictions. Joseph Mede — was a naturalist, linguist, Egyptologist, and biblical scholar. His work on Revelation garnered him great influence, though it is likely he intentionally refrained from publication because of his innovative ideas. These included the belief that demon possession was mental illness, and that Zechariah was written by multiple authors.
Focused on explanation, P. Desprez — was an Anglican clergyman and biblical scholar who specialized in prophecy. Desprez was educated at home, and obtained advanced schooling at College Green, Bristol, and later at Cambridge. He served as curate of St. This is a mid-level exegetical commentary that confines references to Greek words and phrases to the footnotes. Samuel Garratt was the vicar of St. He was educated at Cambridge, and kept detailed accounts of his life.
Refuting futurism, James Kelly argues for a historicist interpretation of Revelation, but also focuses on explaining a proper hermeneutical approach to the book. Though Kelly directly challenges futurist readings of the book, and demonstrates the extensive problems with attempting to make predictions, he looks forward to the second coming of Christ. James Kelly was an Anglican priest and incumbent at St. Many post-Reformation era biblical scholars believed that the Bible suggested a period of 1, years between the New Testament era and the end of time.
In this volume, S. Maitland critically engages the methods that led to this conclusion, and proposes a new approach to end times chronology. Maitland — was an Anglican priest, historian, lawyer, and editor. He who reads : This is in the singular. It speaks of one person who reads. It speaks of many people hearing. The idea is probably from custom of the early church, where attention was given to the public reading of Scripture, which was often then explained. Since so much controversy has risen over the interpretation of the Book of Revelation, it is helpful to know the four basic approaches people have used through the centuries to understand Revelation.
In the Preterist view, the Book of Revelation was for then. The Historicist View : This approach believes that Revelation is a sweeping, disordered panorama of all church history. In the Historicist view, Revelation is full of symbols that describe now. So they believed that Revelation spoke of their time, without necessarily speaking to the end times. Revelation is a book of personal meaning.
In the Futurist view, Revelation is a book that mainly describes the end times. Which approach is correct? Each one is true in some regard. It speaks to church history. And it does have meaning for our personal life. We can know the Book of Revelation speaks with clarity about the end times because of two central principles drawn from Revelation First, we believe that the Book of Revelation must mean something.
This is a book that Jesus gave to show His servants something. It has a promise of blessing, not a promise of confusion. Secondly, we believe that Revelation definitely claims to contain predictive prophecy. John made it clear: things which must shortly take place… the time is near. John wrote about events that were still future to him. John, to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace to you and peace from Him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven Spirits who are before His throne, and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler over the kings of the earth.
To the seven churches which are in Asia : This letter was originally addressed to these seven selected churches of Asia.
This was the Roman province of Asia , which is the western part of modern day Turkey. From Him who is and who was and who is to come : John brought a greeting from God the Father , who is described with this title. Him who is and who was and who is to come speaks to the eternal nature of God.
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It has the idea of a timeless Being, and is connected with the name Yahweh found in the Old Testament Exodus The construction of who is, who was and who is to come is intentionally awkward in the ancient Greek. It seems that John searched for a phrase to communicate the Old Testament idea of Yahweh.
It is never enough to just say that God is , or to just say that He was , or to just say that He is to come. As Lord over eternity, He rules the past, the present, and the future. Yet it seems that John focused on God the Father with this title because he specifically mentioned God the Son and God the Holy Spirit in the following words of this verse. From the seven Spirits who are before His throne : John brought a greeting from God the Holy Spirit , who is described with this title. The seven Spirits who are before His throne speaks to the perfection and completion of the Holy Spirit.
John used an Old Testament description of the Holy Spirit. The idea of the seven Spirits quotes from the Old Testament. Isaiah describes seven aspects of the Holy Spirit: The Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon Him, the Spirit of wisdom and understanding , the Spirit of counsel and might , the Spirit of knowledge and fear of the Lord.
From Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler over the kings of the earth : John brought a greeting from God the Son , who is described by who He is and by what He has done.
An Exegetical Commentary on Revelation 13 | Liberating Lions
The ancient Greek word translated witness is also the word for a martyr. Firstborn from the dead means much more than that Jesus was the first person resurrected. It also means that He is pre-eminent among all those who are or will be resurrected. Jesus is the firstborn among many brethren Romans The use of firstborn does not mean that Jesus had a birth date and is therefore a created being, and not God. Rabbis also used firstborn as a Messianic title. Nathan in Shemoth Rabba , cited by Lightfoot in his commentary on Colossians.
Jesus is the ruler over the kings.